Door James Brasuell
30 nov 2016 - De laatste jaren is in Amerikaanse steden een stijgende trend te zien als het gaat om stijgende huur prijzen. Vaak wordt gedacht dat dit komt door een tekort aan kwalitatieve woningen en dat investeringen in nieuwbouw de oplossing is. Maar hoe zit het echt? Wellicht bedraagt dit waardevolle kennis om een soortgelijke situatie in Europa of Nederland te voorkomen.
A post examining common responses to the question of why the cost of housing continues to rise requires a frank discussion about the nature of Seattle’s “housing shortage.”
Michael Goldman asks a critical question, with relevance to other cities around the country, and eventually finds an answer that many pro-housing advocates might not like: “Why do Seattle rents continue to rise to higher and higher levels of unaffordability?”
Goldman notes a narrative that is used more and more frequently in the city to explain the lack of affordable housing: a housing shortage. “The housing shortage narrative has largely replaced the language of supply-and-demand, which has recently been criticized for being too reminiscent of trickle-down economics or too simplistic (although some still favor it),” writes Goldman.
The differences between the two lines of argument, Goldman writes, are subtle: “The essence of the shortage argument is the same as the supply-and-demand argument, though. Simply, when the production of housing outpaces the demand for housing we have a housing surplus. When housing production falls behind demand we have a housing shortage.”
Thus, Goldman begins the process of debunking the housing shortage narrative, specifically the typical claim about the regulatory causes of the high cost of housing: “upon closer examination, the housing shortage between 2010 to 2015 was not the result of restrictive local regulations but restrictive global capital.”
Goldman also suggests a new narrative that might actually be more tractable: out of control rents. The high cost of rent, according to Goldman, is a specific housing shortage that isn’t resolved by simply building more housing. “To address the specific shortage, it’s time we started looking at specific solutions including a progressive income tax, rent stabilization, and aggressively capturing the value concentrating in urban land so it can be funneled into affordable housing.”